Migowski Quake II

~175 AD

by Jefferson Williams


Introduction     Textual Evidence     Archeoseismic Evidence     Paleoseismic Evidence     Notes     Paleoclimate - Droughts     Footnotes     References


Introduction

Migowski et. al. (2004) assigned a 0.66 cm. thick seismite from the 1997 GFZ/GSI En Gedi core to a date of ~175 AD. A sesimic event was observed in trenches near Bet Zeyda whose modeled ages also suggest an earthquake around 175 AD. Although there is no known historically reported earthquake in Judea during this time, this was a time period in the aftermatch of the Bar Kochba revolt which led to the Jewish diaspora. Hence, it should not be surprising that the sources are so silent. Thus, despite a lack of textual information, paleoseismic evidence suggests an earthquake struck around this time.

Textual Evidence

Although the historical sources are silent about this possible earthquake, it should be noted that the historical sources are generally silent about all earthquakes in the southern Levant in the 2nd century AD. We do not have a source like Josephus for this time frame. It was not until Emperor Constantine (306 - 337 AD) patronized Christianity that we begin to have extant historical sources paying attention to this part of the world.

Archeoseismic Evidence

Paleoseismic Evidence

A list of locations with evidence for an earthquake around 175 AD is provided below accompanied by our assessment.

Location Status
Bet Zayda good evidence
En Gedi 0.66 cm. thick seismite


Each site will now be discussed separately.

Bet Zeyda

Wechsler at al. (2014) report modeled ages of 137 - 206 CE for event CH4-E5. Although they suggested the Eusebius Mystery Quake as a possible historical report for Event CH4-E5, there are significant doubts whether the Eusebius Mystery Quake was recorded accurately in time and/or space. A ~175 AD earthquake fits well within the modeled ages for Event CH4-E5 and suggests an earthquake struck Judea around this time.

Bet Zeyda Earthquakes
Figure 9. Probability density functions for all paleoseismic events, based on the OxCal modeling. Historically known earthquakes are marked by gray lines. The age extent of each channel is marked by rectangles. There is an age uncertainty as to the age of the oldest units in channel 4 (units 490-499) marked by a dashed rectangle. Channel 1 refers to the channel complex studied by Marco et al. (2005).


En Gedi (DSEn)

Migowski et. al. (2004) assigned a 0.66 cm. thick seismite at a depth of 255 cm. (2.55 m) to a date of ~175 AD.

Notes

Paleoclimate - Droughts

Footnotes

References

Migowski and C. (2004). "Recurrence pattern of Holocene earthquakes along the Dead Sea transform revealed by varve-counting and radiocarbon dating of lacustrine sediments." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 222(1): 301-314.

Migowski, C. (2001). Untersuchungen laminierter holozaner Sedimente aus dem Toten Meer: Rekonstruktionen von Palaoklima und -seismizit. Scientific Technical Report STR02/06. Potsdam, Germany, GeoForschungsZentrum: 99.

Wechsler, N., et al. (2014). "A Paleoseismic Record of Earthquakes for the Dead Sea Transform Fault between the First and Seventh Centuries C.E.: Nonperiodic Behavior of a Plate Boundary Fault." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.